Saturday, January 30, 2010

Corbett National Park


Located in Nainital, Pauri Garhwal,Almora and Binjore districts of Uttaranchal,the jim corbett national park is one of the greatest and the oldest national park in India. The corbett national park is also the part of the corbett tiger reserve that lies in the foothills of the Himalayas.The total circumference of the corbett tiger reserve is about 1300 sq. kms of which 500 sq.kms forms the core area and 800 sq. kms forms the buffer area. the core area covers the corbett national park and the buffer area captures the sonanadi wildlife santuary and the reserve forests.The sparkling Ramganga river, a tributary of ganga flows east-west through the paths of the reserve. The corbett national park is The natural hub for tigers, leopards, deer and elephant.

The jim corbett national park has rich and vibrant history. Initially the park was established as' Hailey national park' in 1936 in the memory of Sir Malcom Hailey, the governor of United kingdom at that time. After independence The park was renamed as the 'Ramganga National Park' in 1952. Finally in 1957, the park derived its name as the 'Jim Corbett National Park' in honour and memory of the famous legendary hunter turned conservationist, author and Photographer who spend most of his years in setting up this park. Jim corbett national park is also designated with the crown of being one of the nine tiger reserves at the launch of the project tiger reserve in 1973. Dhikala is the place in corbett natinal park where the inauguration of the project tiger reserve was launched.It is also the most suitable accomodation for the visitors.

The varied topography of the park including the dense grasslands,hilly landscape, riverine areas,plateaus, and marshy depressions gives a vast bio-diversity of the land.The Ramganga river is the source of water supply for the animals and some waterbody species.The altitude at corbett national park ranging from 400 metres to 1200 metres above sea level gives a better environment for the animals.About 90% of the park is covered by moist deciduous forest accompanied by sal trees that form the majority of the park.Other types of trees such as haldu, khair, bamboo,rohini and peepal are also seen in the park. Only 10% of the area is packed with grasslands that cover the valleys.There are about 110 species of trees in the park.


Corbett national park has rich diversity of wildlife that includes 50 species of mammles, 580 species of birds and 25 species of reptiles.It is apefect and unique habitat for tigers, elephants, hog deer,leopard, Indian pangolin and many other species.Tigers form the centre of attraction of the park and are the most celebrated carnivore in the corbett national park. Leopards are most commonly seen in the hilly areas of the park. Apart from leopards, the other carnivores found in the corbett park are the jungle cat,fishing cat,jackal and wild dogs.In the lower regions of the park, sloth bear can be seen and in the higer regions himalayan black bear are found in abundant.Other wildlife attraction includes the elephant, himalayan palm civet, Indian gray mongoose, common otter, porcupine,blacknaped hare, chital,flying fox, sambar, nilgai,king cobra, muntjac, wild boar,common musk shrew and hedgehog.The Mugger crocodile and teh gharials are well seen spotting along the Ramganga river.The rocky areas of the park are covered with ghoral or the goat antelopes. Rhesus monkey and the Langur are seen jumping from one branch to the other branch and play the role of a warner in informing the animals at the arrival of a tiger or a leopard.Among the birds the most common seen are peacock, jungle fowl. patridges, crow, vultures, king fishers, woodpeckers, teals, storks and seagulls.

BY AIR: The nearest international airport is in Delhi that is about 300 kms from Dhikala. A small domestic airport is also located at a distance of 50 kms in Phootbagh, Pantnagar.

BY RAIL: The nearest raiway station is Ramnagar which is 14 kms from the park. The Ranikhet Express is the daily train connecting Ramnagar and Delhi. Moradabad is the nearest destination from where tourist catch their trains to all parts of India.

BY ROAD: Most of the people prefer to travel by road as this journey is enjoyable and relaxable too. Dhikala is 300 kms from Delhi and Luchnow and Ramnagar are 145kms and 51 kms from respective place. The route from delhi covers hapur, moradabad and ramnagar.Dhangarhi, 19 kms from ramnagar ranikhet road is the main entrance to the park. Dhikala is 35 kms from Dhangarhi.


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